follow me! / by Anthony Gibbins

There have been many Imperative Verbs in the Legonium stories so far. People are often telling others what to do. Here is a handy table from a previous post, showing the various Imperative endings based on Conjugation and the Number of people being ordered.

Conjugation    Verb                                                  Singular Imperative     Plural Imperative

1st                    do, dare, dedi, datum                         da       give!                 date

2nd                  video, videre, vidi, visum                   vide    see!                   videte

3rd                   lego, legere, legi, lectum                   lege    read!                 legite    

4th                   audio, audire, audivi, auditum           audi    listen!               audite

Mixed               capio, capere, cepi, captum              cape    seize!               capite

Far rarer is the elusive Passive Imperative. While it certainly appears in Latin literature, it isn’t frequently spotted. And I don’t think I’ve used a single example in Legonium. Passive Imperatives have meanings such as dare be given! videre be seen! legere be read! audire be heard! and capere! be seized! It doesn’t help one bit that they look like an Infinitive! But, as I said, they are rare. Here is a table, showing the Passive Imperative in the Singular and Plural.

Conjugation    Verb                                                  Singular Imperative        Plural Imperative

1st                    do, dare, dedi, datum                         dare       be given!         damini

2nd                  video, videre, vidi, visum                   videre    be seen!           videmini

3rd                   lego, legere, legi, lectum                   legere    be read!            legimini    

4th                   audio, audire, audivi, auditum           audire   be heard!          audimini

Mixed               capio, capere, cepi, captum              capere    be seized!        capimini

Despite the rarity of the Passive Imperative, this table is still incredibly important, because of Deponent Verbs. Deponent Verbs are a club of Verbs (they exist in every Conjugation) that have lost their regular Active Forms. Instead, they use Passive forms and look Passive even though they are Active. And this includes their Imperatives. (This also means that Deponent Verbs can’t actually BE Passive, but they seem to deal with this okay). Here is a table showing the ACTIVE Imperatives of a Deponent Verb.

Conjugation    Verb                                                Singular Imperative        Plural Imperative

1st                    conor, conari, conatus sum              conare    try!                  conamini

2nd                  polliceor, polliceri, polilicitus sum   pollicerepromise!         pollicemini

3rd                   sequor, sequi, secutus sum             sequere    follow!            sequimini    

4th                   mentior, mentiri, menitus sum        mentire   lie!                    mentimini

Mixed               patior, pati, passus sum                   patere suffer!                 patimini

Luckily, Deponent Verbs have Passive looking Infinitives (conari, polliceri, sequi, mentiri, pati), so there is no risk of confusing the Infinitive and Imperative Forms. All that remains to be said is that Jessica uses a Plural Imperative of a Deponent Verb on today’s page, when she shouts to her crew me sequimini! follow me!

Then they all run down the stairs. ‘Follow me!’ Jessica shouts. She climbs the lamp to the high roof of the bank, the others following with some difficulty.